Lesson Recap
Title

Learn Days of a Week and How To Ask What Others Think in Korean

Key Points &
Highlights
  • 월, 화, 수, 목, 금, 토, 일 each are followed by 요일, the classifier for the days of a week, and form the words for the seven days of a week.  
     

  • The seven words for days of a week are rooted in the Chinese language and they represent the basic elements of the universe, namely the moon, fire, water, wood, metal, earth, and the sun.
     

  • You can ask what the other person think of something in this structure: 

    • (Noun), 어때요?

    • How’s (noun)?; What do you think of (noun)?

 Words & Expressions

Note: The pronunciation of each day word is not as simple as the one-syllable word followed by 요일: If the first syllable ends with a consonant, in pronunciation, that consonant glides over to the next syllable, . To hear and practice proper pronunciation, please go back to the episode and LISTEN :) 

 

  • 월요일 : Monday

  • 화요일 : Tuesday

  • 수요일 : Wednesday

  • 목요일 : Thursday

  • 금요일 : Friday

  • 토요일 : Saturday

  • 일요일 : Sunday

  • 월수금 : Mon.Wed.Fri

  • 화목토: Tue.Thur.Sat

  • 이번주 : this week

  • (noun), 어때요? : How’s (noun)?; What do you think of (noun)? 

  • 이번주 금요일에 시간 어때요? How’s your schedule on Friday this week?

Check-up Quiz

I. Provide appropriate expressions for the given situations.

1. You want to ask your colleague about having a meeting on Wednesday.

2. You want to invite someone to go to a concert on Monday.

3. You want to invite someone to dinner on Friday.

II. Match the Korean day-words with their corresponding words in English.

Episode 26 Transcript

Hello, this is Kay from EssentialKorean.com. 안녕하세요. EK Kay샘입니다.

In today’s episode, we will learn, first, how to say the seven days of the week in Korean and, second, how to ask someone what they think of something. And, of course, I have a song to share with you today. It’s titled 금요일에 만나요 Let’s meet on Friday by IU 아이유. Sounds good? Alright - Let’s get started :) 

The words for the seven days of the week, namely Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, in Korean, are 월요일, 화요일, 수요일, 목요일, 금요일, 토요일, and 일요일, respectively. 

Did you hear the common sounds between the seven words? That common part indicates the words to be days of the week. Listen again; this time, pay special attention to the common element present in all the days. I’ll list them Monday through Sunday:  월요일, 화요일, 수요일, 목요일, 금요일, 토요일, 일요일. The shared part is ‘요일,’ which is the classifier for the days of the week. 

These seven day-words are rooted in the Chinese language, meaning they can all be written in Chinese characters, each of which has a specific meaning attached.

The Chinese-origin character for the moon is , and 월요일 means Monday in Korean;
The Chinese-origin character for fire is , and 화요일 means Tuesday in Korean;
The Chinese character for water is , and 수요일 means Wednesday in Korean;
The Chinese character for trees or wood is , and 목요일 means Thursday;
The Chinese character for metal is , and 금요일 means Friday;
The Chinese character for soil or earth is , and 토요일 means Saturday;
and The Chinese character for the sun is , and 일요일 means Sunday.

The moon and the sun represent yin and yang of Chinese philosophy; the other five elements namely fire , water , trees , metal , and earth are said to represent the basic elements of the universe. With this background in mind, which will make the study of Korean day-words more interesting, let’s practice speaking. Btw, when you think about it, it’s not that much: you need to memorize only nine syllables in total: 월화수목금토일 and 요일, the classifier for the days of a week. 

Please repeat after me:


*Note that what is in parentheses is pronunciation and may differ from how the word is spelled.

followed by 요일, 월.요.일., is pronounced [ 워료일 ], which is Monday: [ 워료일 ]  [ 워료일 ]  [ 워료일 ]

followed by 요일, 화.요.일., is Tuesday: [ 화요일 ]  [ 화요일 ]   [ 화요일

followed by 요일, 수.요.일., is Wednesday: [ 수요일 ] [ 수요일 ]  [ 수요일 ]  

followed by 요일, 목.요.일., is pronounced [ 모교일 ], which is Thursday: [ 모교일 ] [ 모교일 ] [ 모교일 ]  

followed by 요일, 금.요.일., is pronounced [ 그묘일 ], which is Friday:  [ 그묘일 ]  [ 그묘일 ]  [ 그묘일 ]

followed by 요일, 토.요.일., is Saturday:  [ 토요일 ] [ 토요일 ] [ 토요일

followed by 요일, 일.요.일., is pronounced [ 이료일 ], which is Sunday: [ 이료일 ] [ 이료일 ] [ 이료일

 

I tried to devise brilliant mnemonics to help you memorize these seven words but to no avail… I do, however, have a song that can maybe do the magic; perhaps you’d find the song so lovely that you’ll decide to memorize the lyrics, which happens to present the words from Monday to Friday in Korean! 

The song is composed, written, and sung by IU. Those who know about the K-pop world must know her. She is one of the most popular female singer-song-writers in Korea. She’s collaborated with not only young K-pop stars but also with older musicians as well. I like her music, and think she’s super talented! 

The title of the song I’m about to introduce to you is 금요일에 만나요. Which day was 금요일 - do you remember? Yes, it’s Friday. The following 금요일 is a particle which means on in this context, so 금요일에 means on Friday. And 만나요 means meet or let’s meet. Thus, the title 금요일에 만나요 would mean Let’s Meet On Friday. Now  I’ll go over the lyrics of the part you’ll hear, line by line:

월요일엔 On Monday 아마 perhaps 바쁘지 않을까 would you not think he’d be busy? 

화요일도 Tuesday also 성급해 보이지 I’d seem to be in a haste 안 그래 don’t you agree?

수요일은 as for Wednesday 뭔가 어정쩡한 느낌 it’s like, the vibe is a little off and in between

목요일은 as for Thursday 그냥 just because 내가 왠지 싫어 I for whatever reason don’t like

이번 주 this week 금요일 Friday

금요일에 on Friday 시간 어때요 how’s the schedule?


Ok, you’ll hear the song up to this point. I opted to focus on capturing the nuance of the song over a word-to-word translation in case you try to translate the lyrics yourself, so you can compare and see any differences you have. See if you can hear 월요일, 화요일, 수요일, 목요일, 금요일 - Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, which are scattered throughout the song but appear in that order. 

Here comes the song. 

(music ) 

Were you able to hear the five words for Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday in Korean, namely 월요일, 화요일, 수요일, 목요일, and 금요일? I’ll run through the lyrics quickly once more: 

월요일엔 on Monday 아마 perhaps 바쁘지 않을까 would you not think he’d be busy? 

화요일도 Tuesday also 성급해 보이지 I’d seem to be in a haste 안 그래 don’t you agree?

수요일은 as for Wednesday 뭔가 어정쩡한 느낌 it’s like, the vibe is a little off and in between

목요일은 as for Thursday 그냥 just because 내가 왠지 싫어 I for whatever reason don’t like

이번 주 this week 금요일 Friday

금요일에 on Friday 시간 어때요 how’s the schedule?

This phrase “어때요” is in fact the second key lesson point of today’s episode: asking what the other person thinks of something in the shortest form. IU in the song is asking the guy for whom she’s falling what his schedule is like on Friday: “금요일에 시간 어때요?” 금요일에 means on Friday; 시간 means time or, in this context, schedule; and 어때요 means how is it. So, again, 금요일에 시간 어때요 would mean how’s your schedule on Friday?

If you want to ask someone how Monday is for them, you can say: 월요일 어때요?; 월요일 어때요?; 월요일 어때요?
If you want to ask someone how their schedule is on Monday, you can say: 월요일에 시간 어때요? Repeat after me to say, hows your schedule on Monday? in Korean: 월요일에 / 시간  / 어때요?; 월요일에 시간 / 어때요?; 월요일에 시간 어때요

If you want to ask someone what they think of Tuesday, you can say: 화요일 어때요?; 화요일 어때요?; 화요일 어때요?
If you want to ask someone how their schedule is on Tuesday, you can say: 화요일에 시간 어때요? Repeat after me to say how’s your schedule on Tuesday? in Korean: 화요일에 /시간 / 어때요?; 화요일에 시간 / 어때요?; 화요일에 시간 어때요? 

If you want to ask someone how’s Wednesday?, what would you say? Right, you’d say: 수요일 어때요?; 수요일 어때요?; 수요일 어때요?

To ask someone what they think of Wednesday for a meeting, what would you say? Correct if you said: 수요일에 미팅 어때요? Please repeat after me and say, how’s Wednesday for the meeting? in Korean: 수요일에 / 미팅 / 어때요?; 수요일에 미팅 / 어때요?; 수요일에 미팅 어때요? 

If you want to ask someone, how’s Thursday?, what would you say? Right, you’d say: 목요일 어때요?; 목요일 어때요?; 목요일 어때요?


If you want to invite someone to go to a concert with you on Thursday, you now know how to ask, right? Yes, you can say: 목요일에 콘서트 어때요? Please repeat after me to say, how about a concert on Thursday? in Korean: 목요일에 / 콘서트 / 어때요?; 목요일에 콘서트 / 어때요?; 목요일에 콘서트 어때요? 

As you can see, you can use {(something) followed by 어때요?}, not only to ask someone what they think but also to invite someone to do something with you.

So, if you want to ask someone out for dinner on Friday, you can say: 금요일에 저녁 어때요?  금요일에 on Friday, 저녁 dinner, and 어때요 how is it. How about you imagine yourself asking someone out for a date on Friday? Ask him or her to have dinner with you :) Please repeat after me: 금요일에 / 저녁 / 어때요?; 금요일에 저녁 / 어때요?; 금요일에 저녁 어때요?

Now, after the first date over dinner, maybe you want to ask him or her out again for a Saturday drive? How would you say, “how about a drive this Saturday?” 이번주 this week, 일요일에 on Sunday, 드라이브 drive, and 어때요 how is it.  Please imagine yourself inviting someone for a drive in Korean and repeat after me: 이번주 / 토요일에 / 드라이브 / 어때요?; 이번주 토요일에 / 드라이브 어때요?; 이번주 토요일에 드라이브 어때요? 

How would you invite someone to go shopping with you this Sunday? Yes! 이번주 일요일에 쇼핑 어때요? 이번주 this week, 일요일에 on Sunday, 쇼핑 shopping, and 어때요 how is it. Please imagine yourself inviting someone to go shopping with you in Korean and repeat after me: 이번주 / 일요일에 / 쇼핑 / 어때요?; 이번주 일요일에 / 쇼핑 어때요?; 이번주 일요일에 쇼핑 어때요?

I’ll give you a couple more bonus lesson points here. 

We often divide Monday, Wednesday, and Friday in one batch and Tuesday and Thursday or Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday in the other batch. In Korean, it’s very simple and easy to say them. Let’s say you’re discussing the days to meet for speaking practice with your language exchange partner and want to ask what they think of meeting on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday?  You can say, “월수금 어때요?” Please repeat after me and say how about Monday, Wednesday, and Friday in Korean:  월수금 어때요?; 월수금 어때요?; 월수금 어때요?

If the Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday option works better for you, ask them that: 화목토 어때요? Please repeat after me and say how about Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday in Korean: 화목토 어때요?; 화목토 어때요?; 화목토 어때요? 

We’ve practiced saying the days of the week in context along with the shortest way to ask what the other thinks of something. Let’s go back to IU’s song. I’ll go over the lyrics one more time as scaffolding for listening comprehension. Btw, I’ll add a little more to the first one this time so you can  see what all the fuss was about over which day she thinks she should ask the guy out : 

월요일엔 on Monday 아마 perhaps 바쁘지 않을까 would you not think he’d be busy? 

화요일도 Tuesday also 성급해 보이지 I’d seem to be in a haste 안 그래 don’t you agree?

수요일은 as for Wednesday 뭔가 어정쩡한 느낌 it’s like, the vibe is a little off and in between

목요일은 as for Thursday 그냥 just because 내가 왠지 싫어 I for whatever reason don’t like

이번 주 this week 금요일 Friday

금요일에 on Friday 시간 어때요 how’s the schedule?

주말까지 기다리긴 힘들어  It’s difficult to wait until the weekend

시간아 Hey Time 달려라 Run

시계를 더 보채고 싶지만 I want to rush the clock, but...

Mind control (마인드 콘트롤) Mind control

일분 일초가 달콤해 One minute, one second is sweet

이 남자 도대체 뭐야 What’s with this man

사랑에 빠지지 않곤 못 배기겠어 I can’t help but fall in love

Ok, ready for the music now? Please look for 월요일, 화요일, 수요일, 목요일 금요일, and 이번주 which means this week, and the phrase, 어때요 how is it or how about, when listening to the song. 

(music) 

On that sweet note, I’ll conclude today’s episode. Please remember that you can now find the transcript and lesson recap with exercises on our website, essentiakorean.com. 

I’ll be in contact soon. Until then, stay healthy! 

 

*Featured Song >

Title: 금요일에 만나요 (2013)

Artist: 아이유 IU 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EiVmQZwJhsA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDfqXR_5yyQ